People with disabilities can use an Achieving a Better Life Experience or ABLE account to help pay qualified disability-related expenses. This tax-advantaged savings account doesn't affect their eligibility for government assistance programs.
Here are some key things people should know about these accounts.
Annual contribution limit
- The 2022 limit is $16,000.
- Certain employed ABLE account beneficiaries may make an additional contribution up to the lesser of these amounts:
- The designated beneficiary's compensation for the tax year.
- The poverty line for a one-person household. For 2022, this amount is $12,880 in the continental U.S., $16,090 in Alaska and $14,820 in Hawaii.
- ABLE account designated beneficiaries may be eligible to claim the saver's credit for a percentage of their contributions.
- The beneficiary claims the credit on Form 8880, Credit for Qualified Retirement Savings ContributionsPDF. The saver's credit is a non-refundable credit available to individuals who meet these three requirements:
- Are at least 18 years old at the close of the taxable year
- Are not a dependent or a full-time student
- Meet the income requirements
Rollovers and transfers from section 529 plans
- Families may roll over funds from a 529 plan to another family member's ABLE account.
- The ABLE account must be for the same beneficiary as the 529 account or for a member of the same family as the 529 account holder. Rollovers from a section 529 plan count toward the annual contribution limit. For example, the $16,000 annual contribution limit would be met by parents contributing $10,000 to their child's ABLE account and rolling over $6,000 from a 529 plan to the same ABLE account.
Qualified disability expenses
- States can offer ABLE accounts to help people who become disabled before age 26 or their families pay for disability-related expenses. These expenses include housing, education, transportation, health, prevention and wellness, employment training and support, assistive technology and personal support services.
- Though contributions aren't deductible for federal tax purposes, distributions, including earnings, are tax-free to the beneficiary, if they are used to pay qualified disability expenses.
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